Acute Sinusitis & Chronic Sinusitis

Posted on Healthcare By DoctorUna - Published on 2020-01-21


Do you always suffer from common colds? Are you prone to allergies resulting in headaches and fatigue? You may be developing a condition called sinusitis. 

In medical terms, sinus is an air cavity that forms in the cranial bones located near the nose. When these cavities get inflamed, they are known as sinusitis. While healthy sinuses are air pockets, sinusitis is a condition wherein there is an inflammation in the tissue lining of the sinuses. The sinus cavities get swollen and become infected with germs. 

Sinusitis Symptoms 

Acute sinusitis signs:

  • Stuffy or blocked nose
  • Facial pain 
  • No sense of smell
  • Chest congestion 
  • Runny nose
  • Fever and fatigue
  • Bad breath 
  • Toothache 

Chronic Sinusitis Symptoms:

  • Congested feeling 
  • Acute nasal blockage 
  • Formation of pus in the nasal passage 
  • Persisting fever 
  • Runny nose plus post-nasal drainage 
  • Headaches 
  • Bad breath 
  • Tooth pain 

Acute sinusitis is often triggered by the common cold or any other allergies. Acute sinusitis mostly does not require medical treatment as it gets better on its own. However, chronic sinusitis may last up to 10 weeks and may require medical treatment for the infection by a reputed ENT specialist in Dubai

Paranasal Sinuses Anatomy 

Sinuses are typically air-filled pockets of space situated within the skull region and the facial bones. The paranasal sinuses play a vital role in lightening the bulk weight of the head, humidifying the inhaled air, improving your quality of speech, and protecting facial structures during trauma. There are ideally four pairs of sinuses that include frontal, sphenoid, maxillary, and ethmoid. To maintain healthy sinus passages is necessary to regulate the normal sinuses functions like producing mucus to moisturize the interior nose canals. 

Sinusitis Treatment

Doctors may suggest antibiotics to start with medical treatment. Antibiotics help eliminate the bacterial infections and should be administered for two weeks or one month depending on the severity of the case. 


  • Nasal Decongestant Spray

Nasal decongestants help shrink the swollen nasal pathways and facilitate the drainage flow from the sinuses passages. You should not overuse these topical decongestants, otherwise, you may suffer from a rebound phenomenon. 

  • Antihistamines

Antihistamines reduce and block the inflammation arising from an allergic reaction. It helps shrink the swelling of the sinus passages. Your allergist can also give combination drugs including nasal decongestants and antihistamines. 

  • Nasal Corticosteroids 

These are a type of nasal sprays used to prevent the inflammation and swelling in the sinus cavities. Corticosteroid sprays are also used to shrink and prevent the development of nasal polyps. The sprays do not cause any addiction even after using them for a long period of time. You can also use nasal saline washes to clear the thick secretions inside the nasal passages. 

  • Surgery 

In cases of chronic sinusitis wherein the drug therapies yield no result, doctors may recommend surgery. Such surgeries are performed by an experienced otolaryngologist. The surgeon can fix any defects such as bone disorders, nasal polyps or blocked nasal passages. Sinus surgery is conducted under local or general anesthesia as advised by the surgeon. The patient can be discharged and may return home on the same day. 

Sinuses Draining 

The sinus drainage is a completely natural process and you cannot prevent it. The sinuses slowly drain down the back of your throat and into the stomach area. Every time you swallow, you are also swallowing a little amount of mucus. Sinus draining symptoms occur when there is a large quantity of thickened mucus. 


What causes sinus problems?

Common issues leading to sinusitis include deviated nasal septum, nasal polyps, medical health conditions, respiratory tract diseases, and allergies. 

What is the quickest way to get rid of a sinus infection?

You can drink plenty of water, eat healthy foods that boost immunity, use warm compresses on the face, take steam inhalation, take over-the-counter medications, and get a medical prescription. 

Where is the sinus located in our bodies?

Sinuses are tiny air spaces located between the skull and the facial bone area, on your upper respiratory part starting from the nose to your throat region. They comprise of the forehead (frontal sinuses), cheekbones (maxillary sinuses), and behind your nose (ethmoid and sphenoid sinuses). 


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About Author

DoctorUna launched in the United Arab Emirates in 2012, Egypt and Jordan in 2013 and recently in Kuwait in 2014. The purpose of DoctorUna is to allow patients to quickly search for doctors from across a broad range of specialties, compare them and easily book a convenient appointment. DoctorUna gives doctors access to a larger pool of patients, streamlines and better manages their appointment booking process so they can spend more time caring for patients.

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