Most children are prone to some kind of allergies. Allergies, to begin with, are abnormal reactions by the immune system to specific allergens. Most allergies are harmless in nature, but they do cause annoying symptoms. Some rare forms of allergies can be dangerous. Otherwise, common child allergies may be caused by include dust, pollen, certain foods, and certain medicines.
When a child is exposed to allergens, his immune system may see that as a threat that could harm the body. The system then overreacts and tries to fight the invader to protect the body. The immune system also creates special immunoglobulin E antibodies and chemicals that are released into the bloodstream. These chemicals are the primary reason for allergic reactions. Such reactions may affect various body parts like the throat, lungs, skin, eyes, nose, and even internal organs. Once exposed to an allergen, future exposure will also lead to a similar allergic response.
Common food allergies in children include walnuts, cashews, almonds, peanuts, cow milk, eggs, fish, shrimp, lobster, soy, and wheat. A food allergy can take a turn for the worse and affect a child in more than one way.
A child may exhibit the following symptoms after eating specific food items:
- Cough and runny nose
- Skin itchiness
- Breathing trouble
- Stomach pain
- Facial swelling
Allergies that cause breathing problems in kids also affect their skin condition. An allergic reaction can come in the form of eczema. If a child is suffering from asthma, hay fever, or food allergies, he is at risk of developing eczema. Other skin allergies include hives and allergic rashes.
Child skin allergy treatment is focused on breaking the itch-scratch cycle. A pediatric skin specialist may recommend the skin be kept moist and clean. An allergist in Dubai may prescribe skin cream such as a topical steroid cream. You can ask the doctor how and when to use it for pediatric allergy treatment. The allergist or dermatologist can also prescribe antihistamine medicine to ease the continuous itch and help your child sleep properly.
Allergic Rhinitis in Children
Rhinitis is an allergic reaction in children that happens in the face area (eyes and nose) and the throat. Some allergens in the air can trigger the release of a chemical in the body known as histamine. It causes fluid buildup in the nasal passages and itching of the skin. In older children, rhinitis may happen on a seasonal basis. Younger children can be affected all through the year.
Common allergic rhinitis causes include:
- Dust mites
- Cockroach waste
- Animal waste and dander
- Tobacco smoke
Life-Threatening Allergic Reactions
Anaphylaxis is one of the most severe and dangerous life-threatening allergic reactions in children who develop allergies. Anaphylaxis can cause a shock reaction in the body with a drop in blood pressure and blockage of the airway passage. Common triggers are specific food, certain medication, insect venom, and latex. Doctors may insist that the patient always keep an EpiPen for emergency use. A child with anaphylaxis allergic symptoms must immediately visit an emergency room to be injected with an injection of epinephrine.
How to help a child with seasonal allergies naturally?
Doctors feel that if your child suffers from seasonal allergies, it is advisable to avoid the allergens that cause nasty symptoms. Limit your child's outdoor playtime when there is a high count of pollen and dust allergens. You can keep your house clean and allergy-proof by keeping windows closed and putting a clean filter in the air conditioner unit. You can try a saline solution at home, drink plenty of water and eat foods high in vitamin C, Vitamin D, Zinc, minerals, and other antioxidants.
Are allergies inherited or acquired?
The allergic tendency is mostly acquired and hereditary in nature. It can be passed via genes from the parents to their infants. However, if a parent is allergic to certain foods, it does not mean that his/her child will definitely get the allergy.
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