Beta Thalassemia Disorder – Form of Anemia

Posted on Healthcare By DoctorUna - Published on 2022-07-05



Beta Thalassemia is an extreme form of anemia. It is an inherited or genetic blood disorder in children. Anemia, as we all know, is caused due to low hemoglobin levels. Similarly, the beta thalassemia condition affects the healthy production of hemoglobin. There are many types of thalassemia, and a child can be severely anemic depending on the type of thalassemia he/she suffers from.

Beta Thalassemia Causes

This blood disorder is primarily caused by a genetic defect that directly controls the production of hemoglobin. There are three major types namely; beta thalassemia major wherein the child requires frequent blood transfusions. It is a serious condition with many complexities. The other type includes beta thalassemia intermedia, which is a common form of thalassemia worldwide. The third form is called thalassemia minor. Children suffering from thalassemia minor are known as silent carriers of beta thalassemia. 

Beta Thalassemia Risk Factors 

As it is an inherited condition, children at risk include those that have both parents with thalassemia minor. Such children have a 25% chance of getting beta thalassemia minor. It is more common in children of Italian, Asian, Middle Eastern, Greek, and African races. 

Symptoms of Beta Thalassemia 

Between the ages of 0.6 to 2 years, a child with beta thalassemia may exhibit the following symptoms: 

  • Poor physical growth and all-over development 
  • Diarrhea
  • Paleness of skin
  • Fussy and irritable
  • Frequent bouts of fever
  • Enlargement of abdomen 
  • Gallstones 
  • Bone issues
  • Leg sores or ulcers

Beta Thalassemia Diagnostic Care 

A thalassemia specialist in Dubai may suggest tests such as blood count check, peripheral smear, hemoglobin electrophoresis, iron study check, or DNA testing.  

Beta Thalassemia Treatment 

Your pediatrician in Dubai may ask you to visit a reputed hematologist. The treatment course for thalassemia in UAE may involve regular blood transfusions, hepatitis B vaccine shots, chelation therapy, cord blood transplant, gene therapy, spleen removal, and regular supplements of folic acid. 

Emirates Thalassemia Society

The Emirates Thalassemia Society is an organization that focuses on the primary and extended requirements of Thalassemia patients in the UAE. It is a non-profit firm associated with the Ministry of Social Affairs. It is one of the leading organizations tackling the issue of thalassemia in the UAE providing invaluable support for patients. 

You can also get help and support from the online platform. The DoctorUna team can help you find the best thalassemia specialists in the UAE. You can log on to the official website DoctorUna to book appointments or make a telehealth call. 


About Author


DoctorUna.com launched in the United Arab Emirates in 2012, Egypt and Jordan in 2013 and recently in Kuwait in 2014. The purpose of DoctorUna is to allow patients to quickly search for doctors from across a broad range of specialties, compare them and easily book a convenient appointment. DoctorUna gives doctors access to a larger pool of patients, streamlines and better manages their appointment booking process so they can spend more time caring for patients.

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