Causes and Management of Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infection or UTI is a health problem that affects the urinary system in the human body. It includes your ureters, bladder, kidneys, and the lower urinary tract urethra. In most cases, women are said to be more susceptible to UTI than men. Such a medical condition can be irritating and painful. It is advisable to consult a urologist before the UTI advances towards the kidneys or causes other complications.
UTI Pain Syndrome
UTI cause a lot of discomforts and other pain-related symptoms that include:
- Constant and continuous urge to urinate
- Sensation of burning during urination
- The cloudy appearance of urine
- Passing urine in small quantities at regular intervals
- Presence of blood cells in the urine
- Foul smelling urine
- Pain in the centre of the pelvic region or in the pubic bone
Types of Urinary Tract Infection
There are three main types of UTI with specific signs depending on the area of the urinary tract that is infected. UTI can develop in the kidneys, bladder or urethra. And the varying symptoms can include side pain, chills, fever, vomiting, lower abdomen pain, pelvic pressure, and discharge.
Urinary Tract Infection in Men
Despite the fact that urinary tract disorders (UTI) are more prevalent among women, men can also get affected. In men, the infection can start in the urethra (the tube present in the penis), bladder, prostate gland or kidneys. UTI that develops in the urethra region can also be related to any sexually transmitted infection.
Chronic Urinary Tract Infection
Chronic UTI is also known as recurring UTI. The tract is repeatedly re-infected when the treatment procedure does not clear all the pathogens. Infection may also recur when the symptoms disappear during treatment, only to start again after the completion of the treatment.
In a study conducted in 2013, a urologist collected and studied three kinds of positive urine cultures during a year. It was found out that urinary tract infections are more persistent in women. Almost 50% to 60% of females are known to develop urinary tract infection during their entire lifetimes.
Urinary Tract Infection Prevention
You can reduce the chances of developing UTI symptoms by adopting the following measures:
- Drinking many glasses of water in a day
- Urinating frequently
- Avoiding caffeinated or alcoholic drinks
- Keeping the genital region clean and germ-free
- Avoiding the use of tampons
- Showering without using any oils
- Maintaining hygiene during and after sexual intercourse
- Avoiding the use of diaphragm birth control
- Wearing clean cotton underwear
UTI Home Remedies
You can try simple yet effective home remedies to treat UTI symptoms without antibiotic medications such as:
- Staying hydrated and drinking enough water
- Urinating whenever the need develops
- Drinking tasty organic cranberry juice
- Having probiotics
- Eating fruits rich in vitamin C
- Maintaining personal hygiene after visiting the wash-room
- Practising safe sexual hygiene
UTI Treatment & UTI Antibiotics
Apart from home remedies, antibiotics are the first preference of doctors treating UTI symptoms. The prescription drugs depend on your general health and the form of bacteria found in the urine. Doctors may start with common drugs such as Nitrofurantoin, Ceftriaxone, or Trimethoprim. Advanced or complicated UTI disorder may be treated with fluoroquinolones antibiotic medicines.
Most UTI symptoms get cleared after a week of treatment. However, antibiotics should be continued for a specific time-period as recommended by the doctor. It is best to undertake a shorter treatment course for simple UTI by taking medicines for 3 to 4 days.
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Why do I keep getting urinary tract infections?
You can keep getting urinary tract infections due to several reasons. In women, recurrent UTIs could be due to kidney stones, bacteria entering the urethra tube after intercourse or menopausal changes that alter the oestrogen levels in older women.
How does urinary tract infection develop in women?
Women are often attacked by the bacteria from the large intestine that escape through the anus and enter the urethra tube. As they have shorter tubes that facilitate faster bacterial invasion.
Which bacteria can cause Urinary tract infection?
The main pathogen causing UTI is called E Coli. Other bacteria include Proteus species, enetrococcus variety, Klebsiella species, and Pseudomonas species.