Hypogonadism or low sex drive occurs when the sex glands in the human body produce very little sex hormones. The glands are known as gonads. The ovaries in females and testes in males are primary sex glands. Hypogonadism is basically an endocrine disease. It is also termed gonad deficiency.
Sex hormones are mainly responsible for controlling the secondary sex developments such as the growth of testicular, pubic hair growth, formation of breast tissues, sperm production, and beginning of the menstrual cycle.
Types of Hypogonadism
- Primary Hypogonadism
The condition known as primary hypogonadism indicates a lack of sex hormones in the body. It could be due to gonad disorder and their inability to produce sex hormones.
- Central or Secondary Hypogonadism
In this condition, the disorder lies in the hypothalamus and pituitary gland regions, which are responsible for controlling the gonad.
Causes of Hypogonadism may include:
- Genetic disorders like Klinefelter syndrome
- Infections affecting the testicles
- Autoimmune diseases such as HIV
- Liver and kidney illness
- Over absorption of iron leading to hemochromatosis
- Exposure to radiation
- Underwent surgical procedures on sexual organs
- Pituitary disorders
- Inflammatory conditions such as tuberculosis
- Weak immune system and nutritional deficiencies
- Having undergone a brain surgery
Symptoms of Hypogonadism
Female symptoms include:
- Slow breast growth
- Irregular or lack of menstrual cycle
- Lack of body hair
- Hot flashes
- Low sex drive
- Whitish discharge from breasts
Male symptoms include:
- Loss of body hair
- Loss of muscle
- Abnormal growth of breasts
- Slow or reduced growth of testicles and penis
- Signs of osteoporosis
- Erectile dysfunction
- Low sex drive
- Lack of concentration
- infertility issues
- Hot flashes
This condition can be treated by a reputed endocrinologist or urologist in Dubai. The specialist can order a complete physical examination to assess your sexual development (as per your age). The doctor may also examine your body hair, muscle mass, and reproductive organs. Apart from that, he may suggest hormone tests, blood tests, prolactin level measurement, thyroid level, imaging tests, MRIs, and CT scans.
Hypogonadism Treatment in Dubai
Female hypogonadism treatment can involve an attempt to increase the number of female sex hormones by estrogen therapy and progesterone supplements. Low sex drive may be rectified by receiving testosterone doses in low quantity. Menstrual issues may be treated with hormone injections or ovulation pills. Male hypogonadism treatment can include testosterone replacement therapy via patch, injection, lozenge, or gel.
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