Autism occurs due to a neurological disorder that affects normal brain function. To this date there is no known cause for autism.
Compared to a normal child, autistic children do not reach the developmental milestones like crawling, walking, saying the first word, etc. on time. Autistic children are not slow learners, of a lesser IQ, or suffer from mental retardation. Instead, they are very special children who have difficulty in communication and social interaction. They often come across as those who remain engrossed with restricted and repetitive behavior patterns. No two people with autism will have exactly the same symptoms. Therefore, health care providers think of autism as a ‘spectrum’ disorder.
Autism lasts for lifetime. There is no cure, but there are quite a few treatment options available for autistic children. Treatments include behavior and communication therapies and medication to control symptoms. Early treatment can be beneficial to autistic children and help them lead a better life.
Author: Dr. Trupti Shirole – From medindia.net
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