Common Symptoms & Causes of Kidney Stones

Posted on Healthcare By DoctorUna - Published on 2018-12-31


 Image courtesy of [Photo by hywards.] at

Image courtesy of [Photo by hywards.] at

Kidney stones are small or big mineral-nuggets or crystal lumps that can potentially block your urinary flow and also cause immense pain. According to medical studies, patients suffering from kidney stones have known to experience painful belly and back aches.

But let's not lose hope! While small-sized stones often pass away during urination. Kidney stones become a problem only when they grow bigger in size and block the natural urinary flow that flows out of the kidney.

Extreme pain is caused when kidney stones move through the ureter tube passage. You may suffer from such a medical condition due your dietary habits, prescription medications, or even a family history with similar kidney stone issues.

Now let us study some of the kidney stones causes and symptoms:

Lack of Fluids

  • Drinking enough water so as to restrict the stone formation is vital. If you do not drink an adequate quantity of water or sweat much, the urine colour may be darkish.
  • Normally, the colour of your urine should be light yellowish or clear. You should ideally drink ten to twelve cups of water daily for good urine flow.
  • You can also drink citrus juices, which effectively blocks the formation of Nephrolithiasis commonly known as kidney stones.

Wrong Diet

  • Did you know that your daily intake of food plays a major role in the possibility of your suffering from a kidney stone problem?  
  • In such cases, you need to limit your intake of foods that cause kidney stones.
  • High-oxalate foodstuffs like rhubarb, spinach and bran cereal have to be limited.
  • Doctors may suggest you to eat less of sodium-rich snacks, canned food, processed ready-food, and packaged meat products.

Excess of Animal-based Food

  • Kidney stone formation can happen when your urine is very acidic.
  • Reducing the quantity of animal protein in your diet can also help.
  • Excess of red meat, pork, beef, organ meat, and shellfish can also contribute to kidney stones.
  • Animal protein can raise the urinary calcium level and in-effect lower the citrate quantity in the urine, which further encourages stone formation.

Gut Issues

  • Kidney stone problems are quite common in those suffering from Crohn's disease (inflammatory bowel condition) and ulcerative colitis.
  • Irritable bowel movements can lead to diarrhoea when you have less urination.
  • The body gets dehydrated and larger quantities of oxalate compounds are found in the urine.

Excessive Weight Gain or Obesity

  • If you are obese, you are more at risk of getting serious health issues like diabetes and high blood pressure.
  • Scientific research and studies indicate that diabetic people and those having high blood pressure are twice as likely to develop kidney diseases or kidney failures.
  • Even weight loss surgery can itself become the trigger for causing stones.  

Other prominent kidney stone causes and symptoms include genetic diseases such as the development of cysts due to birth defects, medullary sponge kidney, and family medical history (where many family members have been treated for kidney stones).


How to test for kidney stones at home?

If you suffer from these common signs such as pain in the back, pain in the sides, continuous moving pain in your lower belly, frequent urination in small quantities, nausea along with stomach cramps and pain while urinating,  you may make an appointment with a doctor for a correct diagnosis.

Can stress cause kidney stones?

Yes! Stress can lead to kidney stones. Tension creates uncontrolled reactions in your body that causes high blood pressure and other problems related to blood circulation.

What fluids protect against kidney stone formation?

Lots of water during the day, drinking juices that contain citric acid like apple cider vinegar can protect your body from forming kidney stones.

How can a person limit sodium intake?

You can aim to consume moderate or less salt by being aware. Normally, adults should not consume more than 2300 mg salt in a day; one teaspoon contains almost 2325 mg of sodium.

There are four different types of kidney stones:

  • Calcium Stones – The most common kidney stone
  • Uric Acid – Acidic stones that are more common in males than in females
  • Struvite Stones – Kidney stone formation due to urinary tract infections and build-up of excess ammonia in the urine
  • Cystine – These kidney stones are formed due to genetic disorder wherein cystine, which is a natural substance, leaks into the urine. Too much cystine present in the urine causes kidney stones

Kidney Stones Early Symptoms:

  • Intense pain in the backside, belly or at the sides
  • Painful urination or burning sensation during urination
  • Constant and urgent need to urinate throughout the day and at night
  • Foul-smelling or unhealthy urine smell
  • Increased frequency of vomiting episodes and feeling of nausea due to an upset stomach

The good news is that kidney stone problems can be eliminated completely with medical help. It is best to consult a reputed medical centre or specialist doctor for any of the above signs of kidney stones.

Getting immediate medical help is essential to avoid other complications as these stones travel within the urinary tract and can cause severe infection. You may contact a local urologist or nephrologist to treat larger kidney stones .Book with best urologist , find best nephrologist in Dubai



About Author

DoctorUna launched in the United Arab Emirates in 2012, Egypt and Jordan in 2013 and recently in Kuwait in 2014. The purpose of DoctorUna is to allow patients to quickly search for doctors from across a broad range of specialties, compare them and easily book a convenient appointment. DoctorUna gives doctors access to a larger pool of patients, streamlines and better manages their appointment booking process so they can spend more time caring for patients.

Search Blog

Calculate Your BMI

Check the calorie counter
comments powered by Disqus