Does your heart beat faster, possibly more than 100 times for every single minute? Do you feel light-headed or become breathless after a brisk walk? Be warned, they could be red alert signs of a heart condition known as tachycardia.
Normally, an adult heart beats between 60 to 100 times in a minute (at rest). In the case of a person with tachycardia symptoms, his heart rate can be much faster and may beat more than 100 times per sixty seconds.
There are many types of abnormal tachycardia:
- Atrial Fibrillation – This condition is associated with chaotic and rapid heart rates that occur in the upper chambers of the heart. It is a common heart condition related to valve disorder, high blood pressure, hyperthyroidism, and alcohol abuse.
- Atrial Flutter – In this, the atria heartbeat is very fast and beating at a steady rate. This causes weak or faint contractions of the upper chambers of the heart.
- Supraventricular Tachycardia – SVT is a serious abnormality of the heart wherein the heartbeat is unusually fast. It is mainly caused due to birth defects.
- Ventricular Tachycardia – It is associated with rapid heart rate caused by abnormal electrical impressions in the lower heart chambers. The fast tachycardia heart rate does not allow the ventricles to pump blood in an efficient manner.
- Ventricular Fibrillation – This is related to speedy, chaotic electrical impulses that cause the lower chamber or ventricles to quiver inadequately instead of pumping blood to all parts of the body. This form of tachycardia can be dangerous and often fatal.
When your heart beats too fast, it fails to pump blood in an effective manner to all parts of the body. It may exhibit tachycardia-related symptoms such as:
- Fast pulse rate
- Difficulty in breathing
- Feeling light-headed
- Palpitations of the heart
- Pain in chest
- Fainting spells
However, there are many people with tachycardia who do not exhibit any symptoms and the particular heart condition is accidentally discovered by tests such as the electrocardiogram.
Sinus Tachycardia Treatment
Fast heart rate can be stabilized with the help anti-arrhythmic medicines and other drugs such as ivabradine and beta-blockers.
- Eliminate Triggers
You can stop using potential triggers such as nicotine, caffeine and alcoholic drinks.
It is advisable to start with physical training and exercises to keep a healthy heart.
Management of Tachycardia
Do not lose heart, you can put the brakes on heart rate acceleration! Following treatments can manage tachycardia episodes to a considerable extent:
- Catheter Ablation – It is a minimally invasive procedure involving a catheter tube that is inserted via the blood vessels to reach your heart and stop abnormal electrical signals.
- Medications – Pills and tablets that contained anti-arrhythmic properties can be taken on a regular basis to prevent fast heartbeats.
- Pacemaker – Some specific tachycardias are treated with the aid of a pacemaker. It is surgically planted under the skin to rectify abnormal heartbeats.
- ICD or Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator – This small-sized device is implanted in the chest through a surgical procedure. It can be recommended by a cardiologist in UAE in case of a serious tachycardia case.
- Surgery – In rare cases, doctors may also advise patients to undergo open heart surgery. It is conducted to eliminate the extra electrical impulses that cause tachycardia.
Tachycardia Treatment at Home
- Reduce stress and heart palpitations by performing relaxation techniques like meditation and breathing exercises
- Keep the body well hydrated
- Exercise daily
- Limit your alcohol consumption
- Reduce the intake of stimulants like drugs
How to stop tachycardia?
You can stop tachycardia at home by taking a cold shower, splashing cold water on your face, doing meditation, coughing, and holding your breath.
Can tachycardia cause a heart attack?
If tachycardia symptoms go untreated, it can interrupt normal heart functions leading to grave consequences that can include stroke or heart attack.
How many beats per minute is tachycardia?
Tachycardia initiates abnormal heart rhythm, which is greater than 100 heartbeats per minute. The beats may also increase to almost 400 per minute.
What is reflex tachycardia?
Reflex tachycardia is the automatic response of the body to increase the heartbeats when the blood pressure is very low. It is a reflex action by the body in order to raise the blood pressure.
How dangerous is supraventricular tachycardia?
SVT in medical terms is a benign condition. It is not fatal and cannot cause a stroke or heart failure.