Emphysema refers to a lung disorder that causes the abnormal presence of air due to larger air spaces within the lung tissues. Patients suffering from this condition have damaged alveoli and after a long period, the inner walls in the lungs start to weaken and create bigger air spaces instead of many tiny ones. This affects the oxygen amount supplied to the bloodstream as the lung's surface area is compromised.
In such cases, the alveoli do not function properly and old stale air gets trapped leaving less or no room for clean and oxygen-rich air to fill the lungs. Emphysema can also trigger chronic bronchitis, wherein the bronchial tubes that carry vital air to the lungs are inflamed leading to symptoms like cough and breathlessness.
Emphysema is a related condition defining COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Pulmonologist in the UAE can offer prompt medical attention if you are having the following symptoms:
- Shortness of breath and difficulty in climbing stairs
- Lips and fingernails turn grayish or blue due to exertion
- You feel mentally weak and dull
Causes of Emphysema
- Influence of airborne irritants
- Smoking tobacco
- Smoking Marijuana
- Exposure to air pollution
- Exposure to dust and chemical fumes
Though rare, emphysema can also occur due to inherited protein deficiency known as alpha-1 antitrypsin.
Dubai City offers the most recognized medical healthcare to its residents. From pulmonologist in American Hospital to specialists in Zulekha Hospital, you are provided the best treatment options.
Your general physician may refer your case to an experienced pulmonologist in City Hospital Dubai. Proper treatment can help avoid emphysema complications including collapsed lungs, heart problems, and developing bullae or large holes in the lungs.
Diagnosis & Treatment
Your pulmonologist doctor in Dubai can suggest multiple tests such as imaging tests, lab blood tests, and lung function tests to name a few. Emphysema cannot be fully cured but symptoms can be managed for its slow progression. Treatment methods include medications, therapies, surgery, and lifestyle advice.
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