Want to lose that morbidly obese body weight? Are you not losing enough weight through diet or exercise? Well, have you heard about bariatric surgery?
Bariatric surgery is a medical procedure that causes significant weight loss. It is performed on individuals who want to lose excess weight. Bariatric surgery restricts the quantity of food that the stomach can hold. The surgery essentially causes malabsorption and gastric restriction.
Bariatric Surgery Recovery
Common procedures of bariatric surgery include sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass, adjustable gastric band, and bilio-pancreatic diversion (plus duodenal switch). Gastric bypass surgical procedure is laparoscopic, wherein the surgeon makes tiny cuts with a shorter recovery period. Patients need to stay in the hospital for two or three days. They can go back to their normal activities within 3 to 5 weeks. However, if the surgeon makes a larger cut, the healing period may be longer.
Bariatric Surgery Risks
- A) Common risk factors in a bariatric surgery: Acid reflux, vomiting, inability to consume certain foodstuffs, failure to lose excess weight, infection, and the opening of oesophagus.
- B) Long term risks: Malnutrition symptoms, nausea, ulcers, obstruction in regular bowel movement, dumping syndrome (vomiting and dizziness), and hernias. Risks or side-effects may vary according to the patient’s health and the bariatric procedure followed by the surgeon.
Diet After Bariatric Surgery
You should adhere to the dietary guidelines and follow them strictly after undergoing a bariatric procedure. Special dietary program is designed by surgeons or health care providers, to limit your calorie intake while providing nutritious and balanced meals.
General Diet Rules Include:
- Following a diet that is low in fats and sweets
- Eating meals by taking small portions
- Eating a balanced diet
- Maintaining a record of daily food intake (for calorie and protein count)
- Eating very slowly and chewing the food before swallowing
- Avoiding foods such as rice, baked bread, raw veggies, fresh fruits, and tough meats
- Not using straws, as air may pass through and cause discomfort
- Avoiding all sugary foodstuffs and beverages
- First two months your intake can consist of only liquid foods
- Calorie intake for a day should not exceed more than 1000 calories.
Fluid Intake Post Surgery
Fluid intake is usually higher after bariatric surgery. All the liquids should necessarily be free of caffeine content. Ideally, the patient should drink two litres of watery fluids every day. Doctors may also advise avoiding all kinds of alcoholic beverages.
Protein Intake Post Surgery
Muscle tissue must be strengthened by eating a protein-rich diet. You can have yoghurt, tofu, milk products, eggs, seafood, soy milk, cottage cheese. Daily, 65 grams to 75 grams of protein should be included in the diet.
Oral supplements should be taken on the advice of the doctor or surgeon. This is essential to prevent any kind of nutrient deficiency.
Diet Before Bariatric Surgery
A pre-surgery diet should be followed two weeks before the bariatric surgery. It can include protein supplements. Consume less fatty foodstuff and sugar-rich foods, avoid white bread, pasta, and rice. Similarly, you have to stop drinking alcohol and avoid binge eating. All medicines (prescription) can be used only after consulting your surgeon. The doctor may also advise patients to join a medical weight-loss program group.
Bariatric Surgery Requirements
Gastric bypass is one of the most popular types of bariatric weight-loss surgery. You may be eligible for a weight loss surgery when the following points have been discussed with a bariatric surgeon in the Middle East.
- All efforts to lose body weight through diet and exercise have failed
- Your total body mass index or BMI is very high (40 and above)
- Your body mass index ratio is seriously affecting your health (you have type 2 diabetes or hypertension)
- In certain cases, you can qualify for a weight-loss surgery specified by the doctor if your body mass index is 30 or above and you have grave weight-related health issues.
Gastric Sleeve Bariatric Surgery
This operation is different from gastric bypass surgery. In gastric sleeve surgery, surgeons remove a particular part of your stomach. They then join the remaining parts to form a new banana-sized (sleeve) stomach. It will be 1/10th of your previous stomach size. You won't be able to eat much as you will feel full very quickly. The surgery also helps to remove the hormones that make you feel very hungry.
Bariatric Surgery Cost
Any weight-loss surgery and its cost depend on several factors, that includes your location, clinic, surgeon fee, type of bariatric procedure chosen, and your insurance coverage. As per the Obesity Coverage, an informative site on bariatric surgery, the cost of lap-band surgery can be around $14,500, while the common gastric bypass surgery may cost around $23,000. (based on 2015 survey).
How dangerous is bariatric surgery?
Bariatric surgery is not dangerous. It may include some short and long term side effects. You are much more likely to face an early death due to obesity-related problems than losing your life after undergoing any type of bariatric surgery.
Which is the most secure or safest types of weight loss surgery?
Bariatric surgery procedures like gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and gastric banding are common forms of weight-loss operations. They are done worldwide by expert surgeons and are relatively safe.
Is bariatric surgery painful?
Some of the patients may have pain in the neck and shoulder area after going through bariatric surgery. Doctors feel it is normal to get some pain or experience discomfort after surgery. Pain medications are given to patients.
Most of the weight loss procedures that are performed surgically involve the use of minimally invasive methods. According to medical evidence, bariatric surgery can actually help to lower death rates for those suffering from severe obesity-related problems.