A Pap smear is a check-up procedure to test or probe for cervical cancer in adult females. The test involves collecting cells from the cervix region (outer opening of the uterus). Pap smear test helps in the early detection of cervical cancer by finding out the abnormal changes in the cervical cells. Pap smear can arrest the progressive development of cervical cancer.
Pap Smear Test Preparation
For an effective Pap smear test, you need to be prepared and follow some medical tips:
- Avoiding detailed cleansing in the vaginal area or using vaginal jellies, creams or other medications that can possibly wash away or conceal abnormal cells.
- Avoiding intercourse a day or two before the test
- Not scheduling Pap smear when you are having a menstrual period.
- Fixing an appointment before or after your monthly cycle.
Pap Smear Procedure
Let us study the Pap smear testing procedure:
- Pap smear test is done quickly, though it can make you a bit uncomfortable.
- During the test, you have to lie down on your back and spread your legs after putting your feet in stirrup support.
- The doctor may then insert a speculum device inside your vagina, in order to keep the vaginal walls fully open.
- The device is also inserted to provide better access to the cervix region.
- The doctor then scrapes a little sample of cervix cells with a tool called spatula or cytobrush
- You may feel slight irritation and pushing feeling during the scraping
- The cells sample is then sent to the lab for detecting the presence of any kind of cell abnormality.
Pap Smear Test Results
A Pap smear test helps the doctor observe or discover the presence of abnormal suspicious cells that require further testing. If the test is negative, then you do not need further tests or treatment. However, if the test is positive, it doesn't indicate that you have cervical cancer. Pap smear abnormal means that some cells have abnormality and need further testing.
There are different types of abnormal cells such as atypia, moderate, mild, severe dysplasia or carcinoma in-situ. Depending on the abnormal nature of the cells, the doctor may suggest a procedure for intensive testing called colposcopy. This is done using a magnifying device to study the cervical tissues, vagina, and vulva. Tissue sample biopsy is taken from specific areas that seemingly appear to have an abnormality. The sample is then given to the laboratory for further analysis and accurate diagnosis.
Pap Smear Test Cost
Pap smear test cost UAE can be easily covered by your insurance. In the absence of an insurance cover, the Pap smear test cost depends on your age, existing health condition and the clinic where you want the test to be conducted.
Cervical Cancer Awareness
The initial stages of cervical cancer are literally free of symptoms. Cervical cancer cells can remain dormant for many years. If you experience excessive vaginal bleeding, you should immediately check yourself for cervical cancer. Other risk factors for cervical cancer include HPV infections and habitual smoking.
Define a Pap smear test and how is the test carried out?
Pap smear test is also known as a Pap test and it is a screening process for cervical cancer. It is medical testing done to detect the presence of cancerous cells in the cervix region, which is the opening passage of the uterus.
How often do you need a Pap smear?
As per the gynaecologists in America, Pap smears for women should ideally begin at the age of 21 years and every woman should get the test done once every three years till she reaches the age of 65.
Do all doctors do Pap smears?
A Pap smear is a relatively simple medical procedure that can be performed by a gynaecologist, obstetrician, family physician, trained internal health specialist doctor or even a trained nurse.
Does getting a Pap smear hurt?
If you are a 21-year-old woman, one of the best ways to monitor your health is by getting a Pap smear test done regularly. The test is not painful, but it can be rather uncomfortable.
What age does cervical cancer develop?
Women develop cervical cancer mostly during mid-life. The most common age-group is between 35 and 45 years. Cervical cancer rarely develops in young women under the age of 20 years. Older women above the age of 65 are also affected by cervical cancer.