Niilo Disorders – Healthcare Data & Analysis

Posted on Healthcare By DoctorUna - Published on 2019-02-27

The United Arab Emirates is a beautiful and progressive country boasting of a diverse multinational population. With people coming from all over the globe to visit and stay in the UAE, it poses a real challenge for the UAE government to implement public-based health strategies.

The health issues addressed under the section of 'Niilo disorders' focuses primarily on the genetic disorders and other major health issues that have been identified among the local Emiratis, Arab citizens and the rest of the expatriates living in the UAE.

As per the World Bank statistical estimate, the UAE population in the year 2018 is reported to be around 9.543 million. The male-female ratio shows a wide gender gap with the male population at 72% and the female population at just 28%.

UAE Disease Statistics

The life expectancy age for males is said to be 75 years and life expectancy age for females is 80.4 years, according to a 2017 statistical health analysis.

As per the survey by GMI to determine the population statistics, the total expatriate population of the United Arab Emirates in the year 2018 was 88.52%. The local Emiratis filled-up the remaining 11.48% of the total UAE population.

Leading Causes of Death in the United Arab Emirates

According to a 2016 statistical study done by a leading news portal in the UAE, there are more than 250 types of genetic illnesses prevalent within the Emirati population. It was duly noted that genetic disorders were much higher in the UAE and Oman as compared to other countries. One of the foremost reasons behind genetic disorders in the UAE is the popular concept of inter-family marriages. Health authorities in this vibrant Arab country have acknowledged the fact and efforts are being taken to address this grave issue

Medical experts feel that premarital screening can be very effective to detect rare genetic diseases. Research also suggests that the graph pattern for genetic disease continues to rise, which is a matter of concern. Researchers imply that in order to find long-lasting solutions, some of the deep-rooted traditional customs have to be factored.

The most common (genetic) medical conditions include the following:

1) Down Syndrome: DS or Trisomy 21, is a chronic genetic disorder that is caused when a baby is born with an extra copy of its 21st chromosome. Children born with Down Syndrome have been associated with intellectual disabilities, slow physical growth ratio, and symptomatic facial features.

2) Cystic Fibrosis: It is a genetic disorder that is progressive in nature. Cystic fibrosis triggers permanent lung infections and also causes breathing problems. It is caused by mutations of the CFTR gene that damages the CFTR protein. Symptoms of this disease include frequent bouts of coughing and wheezing, experiencing difficulty in breathing, large appetite yet poor weight gain, skin that tastes salty, and smelly and greasy motions.

3) Sickle Cell: The term 'sickle cell' refers to a group of genetic disorders that mainly affect the haemoglobin in your blood cells. People suffering from such a health issue have atypical haemoglobin molecules that deform the red blood cells into an odd sickle shape. Symptoms appear early and they include anaemia, low immunity, and regular occurrences of bodily pain.

List of Communicable Diseases in Dubai (UAE)

A new draft law states that UAE authorities are taking stringent measures at prevention and control of communicable diseases. People spreading such diseases knowingly can get imprisoned for a period of five years and also need to pay a hefty fine for failing to adhere to the rules and regulations.

Communicable diseases are those that occur through transmission of a contagious agent or its toxic products from a specific source to a susceptible recipient (directly or indirectly).   

Salient Points

  • All doctors, medical technicians, and chemists are advised to notify the health authorities immediately when they meet people, suspected to be infected with diseases such as cholera, anthrax, hepatitis (A, E), Tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS, on a professional basis.  
  • A list of 30 contagious illnesses that include leprosy, malaria, measles, plague, meningitis, and smallpox also have to be reported at a short notice.
  • Animal-related diseases and zoo-related medical ailments that could infect people have to be reported to UAE authorities within a span of 1 week.
  • Individuals suspected of being infected with communicable diseases are to be barred from travelling anywhere in UAE, except to a health clinic, or to some-place specified by the Health Ministry.
  • The Health Ministry officials can conduct surprise checks and examine the visitors or residents to ensure that they are free of any communicable diseases
  • The bill passed also encourages visitors and residents to seek medical examination to ensure that they are completely free of any kind of communicable diseases.

Migraine Prevalence in UAE

Migraine is a serious neurological disorder and the symptoms differ from one patient to another. In the year 2016, migraine was known to be the 2nd most prevalent health disability in the UAE. According to chief medical officer at ACPN, Dr. Taoufik Alsaadi , the term migraine is often linked with normal headache or sinusitis. He further stated that almost forty percent of migraines are left undiagnosed.

UAE Health Status and Most Significant Health Problems

An article on the health analysis in UAE published in the year 2013 states that there are several public health issues, which contribute heavily towards the mortality rate in the UAE.

Scientific study by the UAE University and other government healthcare centres reported that the top four primary public health diseases included:

  1. a) Cardiovascular illnesses
  2. b) Accidental injury
  3. c) Cancer
  4. d) Respiratory diseases

The study also revealed that the health issues are not exclusively limited within the Arab country alone, these chronic diseases are part of a global health community and should be addressed accordingly.

Challenges faced by the UAE for Comparing Data?

Continuous ongoing research work in the healthcare segment has helped the Arab country to achieve great progressive success. As per a research study report, the UAE healthcare sector is touted to grow by almost sixty percent (around Dh100 billion) by the year 2021. Over the last few years, right from preventive care to acceptance of new medical technology, everything has contributed towards making the people more health-conscious.

UAE healthcare division has plans of setting up a futuristic planned health data (information exchange system) that can be used as a functional research tool. This can help scientific researchers to monitor the health status and previous history of each and every individual, thus collecting valuable insights from a vast collection of data.


About Author

DoctorUna launched in the United Arab Emirates in 2012, Egypt and Jordan in 2013 and recently in Kuwait in 2014. The purpose of DoctorUna is to allow patients to quickly search for doctors from across a broad range of specialties, compare them and easily book a convenient appointment. DoctorUna gives doctors access to a larger pool of patients, streamlines and better manages their appointment booking process so they can spend more time caring for patients.

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