STD – Risk Factors & Treatment Measures

Posted on Healthcare By DoctorUna - Published on 2022-01-30


STD or sexually transmitted diseases are mostly acquired through sexual contact. STD is caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites that pass from one individual to another via bodily fluids such as blood, vaginal discharge, or semen. 

Sexually transmitted infections can also be acquired non-sexually through shared needles, blood transfusions, or from a mother to her infant. Surprisingly, STD can be contracted from individuals who are healthy and do not have any signs of infection. Sometimes, people having STD have no outward symptoms and it may go undetected until there are complications. 

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Symptoms 

  • Sores or lesions in the rectal or genital area
  • Burning sensation while passing urine 
  • Discharge from the male sexual organ 
  • Vaginal discharge with odor 
  • Untimely vaginal bleeding
  • Pain during copulation 
  • Lower side abdominal pain 
  • Having fever 
  • Development of rashes on the hands, feet, or trunk 

Causes for Developing STD

  • Bacterial – Sexual infections can be caused by bacteria. Some common examples are syphilis and chlamydia. 
  • Parasites – STI like trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite 
  • Viral – Infections caused by viruses include herpes, HIV, and HPV

Who can contract sexually transmitted diseases?

Factors that contribute towards the risk of exposure to STD include the following:

  • Having unprotected intercourse with an infected partner who did not wear a protective sheath
  • Improper use of sheath or condom
  • Indulging in oral intercourse 
  • Having intercourse with more than one partner
  • Having a previous history of sexually transmitted infections 
  • Dealing with a case of assault 
  • Alcohol abuse or substance misuse inhibits your judgment and makes you willing towards risky physical behavior 
  • Sharing of needles for injecting drugs or getting injected with a used needle
  • STIs can also be passed from an untreated mother to child during childbirth and it may cause serious complications. 

Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Teenagers 

STD cases affect people of all age groups, but they take a heavy toll on teenagers and youngsters in the age group of 15 to 24 years. According to research conducted by CDC in 2018, youngsters accounted for almost half the ratio of people who were affected with new sexually transmitted infections. 

STD Diagnosis 

STD or STI can be diagnosed with a series of tests. You can contact a gynecologist or urologist in Dubai for a physical and pelvic examination.  The tests include blood tests, urine tests, and fluid sample tests. Screening can also be recommended for someone who doesn't have any signs. Screening for STI is considered a routine part of regular health care. 

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment 

STD treatment in Dubai depends on the type of infection and its severity. Doctors can give antibiotics and antiviral drugs. In case of an HIV infection, antiviral drugs are started early to reduce the viral bodies in the blood. After some days, the doctor may ask you to be retested to ensure that the treatment has worked. 

Most times, the partner of a person having STD symptoms is also tested for possible infection. Public health departments in the UAE employ fully trained and authorized disease intervention specialists to help patients and limit the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.

You can request an appointment with a certified urologist in the UAE at DoctorUna.  Get instant dates and choose your preferred doctor in terms of nationality and gender. DoctorUna can help you find expert STD doctors in Dubai. You can give details of your symptoms without any worry, your medical files are kept fully confidential.   


About Author


DoctorUna.com launched in the United Arab Emirates in 2012, Egypt and Jordan in 2013 and recently in Kuwait in 2014. The purpose of DoctorUna is to allow patients to quickly search for doctors from across a broad range of specialties, compare them and easily book a convenient appointment. DoctorUna gives doctors access to a larger pool of patients, streamlines and better manages their appointment booking process so they can spend more time caring for patients.

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