Symptoms & Causes of Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension is a condition characterized by build-up pressure in the blood vessels from the heart area to the lungs. In this, the blood pressure is significantly high in the pulmonary artery or pulmonary vein. It is an uncommon lung disorder wherein the blood pressure (in the pulmonary artery) gets abnormally high and puts strain on the right ventricle in the heart region.
Causes of Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension or PH can occur at any age. It is more common in women under the age of 50. Let us explore primary causes of this lung disorder.
- Liver diseases and lung disorders
- Specific heart diseases such as congenital heart illness and mitral valve disease
- Blood clots found in the pulmonary artery area
- People living in high altitude locations with low oxygen
- People who are very obese
- People with parental history of pulmonary hypertension
Symptoms of Pulmonary Hypertension
- Shortness of breath
- Feeling fatigued
- Swelling in ankles
- Swollen abdomen
- Occasional chest pain
- Palpitations and irregular heartbeat
- Dizzy spells
- Difficulty in carrying out daily tasks (advanced stage)
PH cases can be treated by a lung specialist, a cardiologist, or a pulmonologist in Dubai. The doctor may suggest a full physical examination and look at your medical history file. He will also ask about the symptoms in detail to strike out other diseases and make an accurate diagnosis.
Your doctor may need you to do certain tests including blood tests, chest X-ray, Doppler echocardiogram, walk test, pulmonary function test, polysomnogram test, VQ scan, angiogram for lungs, or chest CT scan.
Pulmonary Hypertension Treatment in Dubai
Correct diagnosis and analysis of the condition are crucial before the commencement of any treatment. The treatment can also be based on underlying causes. The doctor can start oral medication, advice on lifestyle changes, dietary alterations, and regular check-ups. Some advanced cases may require surgical intervention.
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