The New Coronavirus - Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment
It all started in the city of Wuhan in China's Hubei Province. A deadly new virus, now known as the coronavirus, was identified and confirmed by the Chinese medical experts and authorities. This fact was discovered late in December 2019.
What is Coronavirus?
Coronavirus was first named '2019-nCOV' because it was unlike any other known virus. It is a new virus from a family of viruses called common human coronaviruses such as MERS and SARS. Coronavirus can trigger upper-respiratory tract diseases like common cold, pneumonia, and flu. The virus mainly causes respiratory illnesses. World Health Organization (WHO) has provided all relevant facts and guidelines through their online portal for the benefit of humans on how to protect themselves and others from coronavirus.
Coronavirus is a new strain, which has never been previously discovered or identified in human beings. Coronaviruses are classified as 'zoonotic', they are transmitted from animals to humans. These viruses are commonly found in many animal species that include cats, camels, bats, and cattle.
Types of Common Human Coronaviruses
- Alpha coronavirus
- Beta coronavirus
- 2019 Novel Coronavirus or 2019-nCOV
On a global scale, it is quite common for people to get infected with human coronaviruses Alpha and Beta types namely 229E, OC43, HKU1, and NL63. In rare cases, some of the coronaviruses infect animals and slowly evolve into a new strain to become a new human coronavirus such as SARS-COV and 2019-nCOV.
According to CDC or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, confirmed cases of coronavirus infections and reported conditions from infected people may range from the patients being mildly sick to being gravely ill.
The main symptoms include:
- Coughing & Sneezing
- Shortness of breath
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
Other symptoms are breathing difficulties, pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and kidney failure.
The latest reports (30th January 2020) suggest that confirmed cases in China accounts for more than 5000 cases and almost 6000 people have been infected worldwide. In China, there have been 170 reported deaths from the vicious coronavirus infection and the actual number of deaths could be even higher.
At present, there is no vaccine that can prevent 2019-nCOV infection. The ideal way to prevent the spread of infection is to avoid exposure to the virus. Small acts of prevention can help contain the spread of such respiratory viruses.
Practice simple methods of prevention that include:
- Wash your hands regularly with soap and water (for 20 seconds).
- Use hand sanitizer with an alcohol base in the absence of soap and water
- Avoid unneeded touching of mouth, eyes or nose areas with dirty unwashed hands
- Avoid close contact with people presenting flu like symptoms
- Stay at home when you are ill
- Cover your mouth or nose while coughing and sneezing with a tissue paper or use a mask
- Disinfecting and cleaning home surfaces daily for maintaining good hygiene
Medical science is yet to come up with a specific antiviral remedial treatment method to combat the 2019-nCOV infection. Most people suffering from common human coronavirus symptoms are said to recover on their own. In the case of 2019-nCOV also, you can take some measures suggested by your doctor in Dubai to relieve the symptoms.
- You may take medications for your pain and fever
- Drink lots of water and warm liquids
- Take hot showers or steam bath to ease cough and sore throat symptoms
- Use a room humidifier
- Get plenty of rest
- Contact your local healthcare provider immediately if the condition is worsening
Explain the coronavirus transmission?
Coronaviruses infect people just like any other kind of cold-causing virus. People are infected by coming in close physical contact with an infected person, by touching the same surfaces that an infected person has touched. You can also catch the infection when an infected person sneezes or coughs near you.
What body organs do the coronaviruses affect in human beings?
Coronaviruses typically affect the respiratory tract in all mammals. They can be directly associated with the common cold symptom, pneumonia, SARS or severe acute respiratory syndrome, and gut infections.
How can the 2019-nCOV be diagnosed?
Doctors can recommend laboratory tests for respiratory specimens and blood tests to detect 2019-nCOV.
What can kill a coronavirus?
Using household disinfectants and cleaning solutions can kill the coronavirus. Similarly, room temperature (20-25 degrees Celsius) can kill the coronavirus in 48 hours. However, houses with carpets can be breeding grounds for the virus, as it can survive in carpeting for a minimum period of 7 weeks.